Aug 07, 2020  
2006-2008 Undergraduate Catalog 
2006-2008 Undergraduate Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

Academic Life

A quality academic life for all students is the focus of Slippery Rock University. Students will find that their priority actively centers on the intellectual development necessary to successfully achieve their Bachelor’s degree.

Click on a link to be taken to the entry below.


How Long Will It Take?


At SRU, the undergraduate program of study requires a minimum of 120 semester hours of course credit hours to receive a bachelor degree. Some students will actually complete more than 120 credit hours. This occurs for one of three reasons:

  • Some students will be required to take additional courses necessary to develop basic academic competencies. These courses are not counted as credit toward graduation. (See Liberal Studies basic requirement section for more detail.)
  • Some students may choose to take more than 120 credit hours. For Example: when students choose to complete more than one major, or a minor/additonal specialization..
  • Some majors require more than 120 credit hours for a bachelor’s degree.
  • Post-baccalaureate students must complete at least 30 credit hours at SRU to earn a baccalaureate degree.

What Degree Will I Receive?


The bachelor degree awarded depends on a number of factors particularly the major selected. Only one degree will be awarded at commencement. If a student completes more than one major, only the degree associated with the student’s first major will be awarded. The undergraduate degrees and majors offered at SRU include:

Academic Degrees and Programs


College of Business, Information, and Social Sciences

School/Department   Degree/Certification/Minor   Program
Dean’s Office -College of Business, Information, and Social Sciences        
School of Business   Accounting  

BSBA, Minor

    Business Undeclared   Program
    Business Administration, for non-business majors   Minor
    Economics   BS, BSBA, Minor
Personal Financial Planning
  BSBA, Minor
    Health Services Management   BSBA, Minor
    International Business   BSBA, Minor
    Management   BSBA, Minor
    Marketing   BSBA, Minor
    Human Resource Management   BSBA, Minor
Communication   Communication   BA, Minor
    Public Relations
    Emerging Technologies and Multimedia
Computer Science   Computer Science   BS, Minor
    Information Systems   BS, Minor
    Information Technology   BS, Minor
Political Science   Political Science
    American Politics
    International and Comparative Politics
    International Affairs
Public Administration
Community Service and Service-Learning
Non-Profit Leadership

BA, Minor

Professional Studies   Health Services Administration   BS
    Professional Studies   BS
Social Work, Criminology,
  Sociology   BA, Minor
and Criminal Justice       Anthropology   Track, Minor
        Criminology   Track, Minor
        General   Track, Minor
    Social Work   BS
    Criminology and Criminal Justice   BA

College of Education

School/Department   Degree/Certification/Minor   Program
Counseling and   Community Counseling   MA, Endorsement
Development        Addiction Counseling   Track
         Child and Adolescent Counseling   Track
         Adult Counseling   Track
    Principalship Prepartion   TC
    Student Affairs in Higher Education   MA, Endorsement
    School Counseling   MEd, TC, Endorsement
Elementary Education/   Elementary Education   BSEd, TC
Early Childhood   Elementary Education-Early Development and Learning   BSEd
    Early Childhood   TC
    Spanish   Minor
    Elementary Education   MEd
         Elementary Mathematics & Science   Track
         Reading   TC, Track
         Elementary Education (with IUP)   EdD
Physical Education   Health & Physical Education   BSEd, TC
    Aquatics   Minor
    Physical Education   MEd
    Coaching   Minor
    Aquatics   Minor
Secondary Education   Secondary Education:   BSEd, TC
         English   TC
         Social Studies -History   TC
         French   TC
         Spanish   TC
    Secondary Education Teaching:   MEd, TC
    English   TC
    History   TC
         Biology   TC
         Chemistry   TC
         Geology (state certification is in
     Earth and Space Science)
         Mathematics   TC
         Physics   TC
    Instructional Technology   Endorsement
Special Education   Community Programs for Americans with Disabilities   BS
    Exceptionalities   Minor
    Special Education   BSEd
    Special Education   MEd
         Master Teacher   Track
         Mentally & Physically Handicapped   TC
         Supervision   Track, TC
Sport Management   Sport Management   BS, MS, Minor

College of Health, Environment and Science

School/Department   Degree/Certification/Minor   Program
Biology   Biology   BA, BS, Minor
         Cytotechnology   Track
         Biology - Professional   Track
         Medical Technology   Track
         Pre-Masters of Education   Track
         3 + 4 Lake Erie Pre - Osteopathic   Track
         3 + 3 Pre - Physical Therapy   Track
         2 + 3 LeCom Pre - Pharmacy   Program
    Cytotechnology   BS
    Medical Technology   BS
    Marine Science   Minor
Chemistry   Chemistry   BA, BS, Minor
         Biochemistry   Track
         Environmental   Track
         Forensic   Track
         Pre-Masters of Ed.   Track
         Secondary Education   MEd, TC
Exercise and   Exercise Science   BS
Rehabilitative Sciences        3 + 3 Pre-Physical Therapy   Track
    Athletic Training   BS
    Adapted Physical Activity and Rehabilitation   Minor
Geography, Geology,   Geography   BA, BS, Minor
and the Environment        Applied Geographic Technology   Track
         Geographic Info Technology   Minor
         Environmental Studies   Track
    Environmental Geosciences   BA, BS
         Pre-Masters of Education   Track
         Environmental Science   Track, Minor
         Geology   Track, Minor
         Meteorology   Minor
Health and Safety   Health Science - Community Health   BS
         3 + 3 Physical Therapy   Track
    Safety & Environmental Management   BS
         3+3 Physical Therapy   Track
         Undergraduate   Minor or Certificate
Mathematics   Mathematics   BA, BS, Minor
         Pre-Masters of Ed   Track
    Statistics   Minor
    Elementary School Math   Minor or Certificate for PB
    Middle School Math   Minor or Certificate for PB
    Statistical Applications   Certificate
Nursing   Nursing   BSN
         Nurse Practitioner   Track
         Nurse Educator   Track
    Nursing (Collaboration with Clarion & Edinboro)   MSN
    School Nursing   TC
    Case Management   Certificate for PB
Parks and Recreation
Environmental Education
  Environmental Education   TC, MEd
    Park and Resource Management   BS, MS,
         Environmental Education/Interpretation   Track
         Outdoor Leadership   Track
    Resort and Recreation Management/Tourism   BS
    Therapeutic Recreation Services   BS, MS
    Sustainable Systems   MS
Physics   Physics   BA, BS, Minor
         3 + 2 Pre-Engineering   Track
         Computational   Track
         Pre-Masters of Ed.   Track
         Secondary Education   MEd, TC
         Nanofabrication Technology   Certificate
Physical Therapy   Physical Therapy   DPT
Psychology   Psychology   BA, BS, Minor

College of Humanities, Fine and Performing Arts

School/Department   Degree/Certification/Minor   Program
Art   Art   BA, BFA
    Art, General   Minor
    Art, w/teacher certification in conjunction w/Carlow College   BFA
    Art History   Minor
    Art for Elementary Ed Majors   Minor
Dance   Dance   BA, Minor
English   English Literature   BA, Minor
    English Secondary Education   BSEd, TC
    English Writing   BS, Minor
         Professional Writing   Track
         Creative Writing   Track
    English   MA
         Literature and Composition   Track
         Professional Writing   Track
    Film and Media Studies   Minor
History   History   BA, Minor
    American History   Minor
    European History   Minor
    Non-Western History   Minor
    History: Secondary Education   BSEd, TC
    History   MA
Modern Languages   French   BA, BSEd, Minor, TC
and Cultures        International Business   BA
    German   Minor
    Russian   Minor
    Spanish   BA, BSEd, Minor, TC
         Heritage Speakers   BA, Track
         International Business   BA, Track
         International Business: Heritage Speakers   BA, Track
         Spanish for Elementary Education   Minor
Music   Music   BA, BM, Minor
    Music Education   BSMusEd
    Music Performance   BM
    Music Therapy   BS
    Music Theory   BM
Philosophy   Philosophy   BA, Minor
         Career Related   Track
         Liberal Arts   Track
         Professional   Track
    Ethics   Minor
    Religious Studies   Certificate of Achievement
Theatre   Theatre   BA, Minor
         Acting   Track
         Design/Technology   Track
         Playwriting   Track

Interdisciplinary Programs

College /Department   Degree/Certification/Minor   Program
Dean, College of Business,
  Applied Science   BS
Information and Social Sciences        
Dean, College of Fine and Performing Arts   Women’s Studies   Minor or Certificate
History   East Asian Studies   Minor
Nursing   Health Care Informatics   Minor or Certificate
Military Science   Leadership   Minor
    Military History   Minor
Academic Services   Exploratory (Undeclared)   Program

Choosing an Academic Program


What Makes Up an Academic Program?

Courses a student takes during their SRU experience can be broadly divided into three types: Liberal Studies, Major and Electives. Beyond this, individual students may also take courses in a minor field or for a certificate.

Liberal Studies


Beginning Fall 2005, a new liberal studies program will take affect for all students. This new Liberal Studies Program will benefit Slippery Rock University continuing students as well as new incoming students.

The program contains six critical goals or areas of study. For each area, students select one or two classes from a selection of “goal courses.” In addition, in some areas of study, students select a course from a wide class selection identified as “enrichment courses.” These courses provide the opportunity to broaden and deepen knowledge in the goal area. Lastly, co-curricular “Supporting Experiences,” are identified. These activities and programs available to all students and encompass working on student publications, belonging to honorary societies or working with various on-campus special interest groups. These activities show that the university experience is not and ought not be contained wholly in the classroom.

Goal I: Basic Requirements
The educated person must be able to communicate effectively in oral and written modes. A university education should give attention to encouraging intellectual levels that will equip the individual for an energetic and productive life.

Goal Courses (12 credits)
Some students may be exempted from one or more of the required courses based on entrance examination and/or pertinent experience. If students are exempted from a required goal course, no credit will be awarded, and the student will still be required to complete at least 48 credits of liberal studies coursework.. Some students may be required to take additional courses to develop basic academic requirements in reading and study skills and mathematics. However, credits earned in those courses are not applicable toward the credits required for a baccalaureate degree.

Goal courses in this category, with the exception of Interpreting Literature, will be graded as A, B, C, or NC (no credit). When goal courses are repeated, they will be graded A, B, C, or F.

The basic requirement courses, with the exception of Interpreting Literature, are subject to continuous registration. Students during the first semester of enrollment will be placed into the appropriate basic requirement course(s). Students who receive an “NC” or “F” in these courses must repeat the course(s) the following semester. Once classes begin, students are not permitted to drop a basic requirement course.

Goal II: The Arts
Through the creative process, the artist expresses, challenges, and extends societal values. To understand our own and other cultures, one must come to terms with the artist’s effort. Ideally, such understanding will lead to experiences in which the individual seeks to be a participant in the arts, finding creative ways to express feelings and insights.

Goal Courses (3 credits)
It is strongly recommended that all students enrolled in arts goal courses attend a minimum of two arts events.

Goal III: Global Community
The educated person is aware of other people, places and values. He or she has a wide perspective and values cultural diversity. The university must assist in developing insights and skills, which will enable every student to value humanity’s worth, dignity and contributions.

Goal Courses (9 credits)
Three credits of US courses and six credits of non-US courses taken will meet the requirement. The modern language courses used to satisfy the BA requirement may not be used in the portion of this global community perspective block.

Goal IV: Human Institutions and Interpersonal Relationships
John Donne’s declaration that “no man is an island&” speaks eloquently to our time. To do our work and operate our society, we depend heavily upon organizations and institutions. The educated person learns to understand those institutions and to work effectively with other persons to achieve shared goals.

Goal Courses (3 credits)

Goal V: Science, Technology and Mathematics
The educated person studies science, technology and mathematics not only to master specific disciplinary content, but also to understand the modes of thought and methods of inquiry of the scientist.

Rigorous, disciplined inquiry enables us to access information and process that enhance physical well being and our natural resource use.

Goal Courses (9-10 credits)
Students are required to have one laboratory experience in either the goal or enrichment areas in the Biology, Chemistry, Physics, or Geography, Geology or the Environment departments.

Goal VII: Challenges of the Modern Age
The essential characteristic of the educated person is the ability to weigh alternatives and make thoughtful choices. The rapidly changing world in which we live demands that we all make enormously difficult decisions, choosing wisely and responsibly in an area of competing persuasions. Courses in Goal VII will have a minimum prerequisite of “Advanced Standing.”

Goal Courses (3 Credits)

Enrichment Courses (9 credits)

Students must choose one course from each of three of the following four areas:

  1. The Arts (Select one-three credit course or three different one-credit courses)
  2. Global Community
  3. Human Institutions and Interpersonal Relationships
  4. Science, Technology and Mathematics

For assistance with the liberal studies requirements, please contact Academic Advisement at 724-738-2009, Academic Services at 724-738-2012, Academic Records and Summer School at 724-738-2010, or Retention Services at 724-738-2011.

Academic Major


In addition to the liberal studies requirements, the university requires students to select a major or a curricular area of concentration. Students are typically responsible for meeting the major requirements in effect at the time they enter the university or change majors. When the students leave the university and are later readmitted, they become responsible for meeting the major requirements in effect at the time they are readmitted.

If students would benefit from meeting a set of major requirements other than those in effect at the time they declared their major or were admitted/readmitted to the university, their advisor may request of the students’ academic dean that a different set of major requirements be met.

At the time of enrollment or by the end of the sophomore year, students must select a major. The university encourages students to select during their early semesters the exploratory (undeclared) student status if they have uncertainty or apprehension about the choice of a major. If students desire to change their major, they must complete, with departmental chairperson’s signature, the change of major form in the Office of Academic Records and Summer School.

Using their criteria, departments determine the admission or rejection of students into their departments to pursue their major. Students may obtain these criteria from the departmental advisor or chairperson. Course requirements for a major may not be taken using a Pass/No Credit grade option. Courses taken within a student’s first major department may not be used to meet any Liberal Studies program requirements.

Students may declare a second major by completing a Declaration of Second Major form. The requirements for all majors must be completed prior to the awarding of the student’s first baccalaureate degree. Once graduated, students may not return and add additional majors to their undergraduate record. Undergraduate courses taken after graduating will be recorded as post baccalaureate courses on the transcript.

Students may earn two majors simultaneously; they may not earn two degrees. Also, the university’s modern language requirement is a bachelor of arts degree requirement and not a requirement of a major. Therefore, a student earning a second major would not be required to complete the modern language requirement for the second major. If the student’s initial degree required the modern language requirement, the student would be expected to meet the requirement.

All academic majors must consist of at least 30 credits; at least 12 of which must be completed at SRU and 15 of which must be at the upper division (numbered 300 or above).

Academic Minor


A minor is a set of courses that meet specified guidelines and is designed to allow a sub-major concentration in an academic discipline or in a specific area within a discipline. Unlike a specialization or a concentration, the minor is recorded on the students’ transcripts, providing the students have maintained a 2.000 minimum quality point average for all coursework required for the minor. Courses used to meet the academic requirements of a minor may not be taken on a Pass/No Credit basis.

The minimum hours for a minor shall be no fewer than 18 credit hours, excluding courses required for professional certification.

A minimum of 9 credit hours of the minor must be upper division (courses numbered 300 and above or courses requiring a 3 credit pre-requisite). For each student at least 4 credits in the selected minor area must be outside his/her major area requirements or electives counted toward his/her major, and at least 6 credits must be completed at Slippery Rock University.

Ordinarily, a minor is a subset of some major. But, 1) a minor may concentrate on an area which involves two or more academic disciplines, each of which is related to the minor, (For example, no major exists in journalism, but the departments of English and communication jointly offer a minor in journalism, which includes courses from each of the disciplines) or 2) a minor may be offered in a discipline where no major is given. (For example, East Asian Studies.)

Students cannot major and minor in the same discipline/academic area. For example, they cannot major and minor in mathematics, but they can major in mathematics and minor in statistics.

Students may declare minors at any time by completing a Declaration of Minor form available in the Office of Academic Records and Summer School.

The requirements for all minors must be completed prior to the awarding of the first baccalaureate degree. Once graduated, students may not return and add additional minors to their undergraduate record. Additional coursework taken after graduating will be recorded on the transcript as post baccalaureate courses. If students, however, are pursuing a second baccalaureate degree, the majors and minors completed will be added to the transcript under the second degree.

Students are typically responsible for meeting the minor requirements in effect at the time they enter the university or change minors. When students leave the university and are later readmitted, they become responsible for meeting the minor requirements in effect at the time they are readmitted.

If students would benefit from meeting a set of minor requirements other than those in effect at the time they declared their minor or were admitted/readmitted to the university, their advisor may request of the student’s academic dean that a different set of minor requirements be met.


Slippery Rock University offers a diverse program of internships through which students may earn from 1 to 12 credits. In some cases an internship or other field experience is required for a major. Internships provide students with an opportunity to apply their academic preparation in a variety of professional or occupational settings. Through an internship, students have the opportunity to expand their knowledge and to enhance their learning of the theories of academic disciplines and programs of study through appropriate career-related experiences and to provide them with the knowledge and experience necessary for obtaining certification or licensing. Students may enroll in semester, academic year, or summer internships with governmental agencies, private firms, or non-profit organizations both in the United States and abroad.

Students must have a minimal quality point average of 2.000 in their major (or program where applicable), and at least a 2.000 for all coursework, including the semester previous to placement. The agency, academic department or program may specify higher standards and/or other academic requirements. Acceptance into the internship program must occur prior to registration for the course. Registration in the course, however, does not guarantee placement in the field. Agency supervisors’ evaluations are a requirement for completion of the internship and may be a factor in determining the final grade. Students must be at least a junior in good standing at the time they begin the internship.

Interested students should check with their major department for internship information in their fields. Students are permitted to earn no more than 12 credits in any one internship and a total of 15 credits for all internships taken.

Intensive Writing Courses

Every student must complete two intensive writing courses before graduating from Slippery Rock University. This is true regardless of the number of credits transferred from another institution to Slippery Rock University. Intensive writing courses may include courses in Liberal Studies as well as a student’s major. Intensive writing requirements are in addition to the College Writing I and College Writing II courses every student must complete. Courses taken at other schools may not be used to meet the Intensive Writing requirement.

Once an intensive writing course is passed, it will be counted towards completion of the University Writing Across the Curriculum requirement even if it is later repeated and failed or is not designed as an intensive writing course when it is repeated.

Special Recognition of Academic Achievement


Slippery Rock University faculty and administration place a high value on the academic accomplishments of its students. SRU’s academic reputation and its stature in the community of universities are tied inextricably to the scholastic achievements of its students. The university’s rich and extensive resources provide a foundation of support for the realization of this goal. Scholarly and dedicated university faculty strive to challenge students’ intellectual development and their achievement of excellence. The university community believes that student efforts in the attainment of high levels of scholarship deserve appropriate recognition and officially acknowledges student achievement throughout the academic year.

Academic Honors Convocation

In the Spring, the university observes its Academic Honors Convocation, a formal ceremony with regalia and academic procession. The convocation provides for the recognition of Deans’ List students and the twenty students in the sophomore, junior, and senior classes who attain the highest cumulative averages for coursework completed at Slippery Rock University. These individuals are presented with the President’s Award of Achievement. The convocation also serves to set the tone for an academic atmosphere where excellence in scholastic endeavors is given the highest priority.

Academic Honors Month

During the month of April many of the university colleges and departments honor their students who have excelled academically. The events take various forms, including banquets that are held on and/or off campus where recognition awards are presented. In addition, the director of the Honors Program coordinates a month-long program of lectures, seminars and presentation of papers by Slippery Rock University students and faculty and by special guests.

Deans’ List

Undergraduate students who earn an adjusted semester quality point average of 3.500 or higher on a schedule of at least 12 new attempted and earned credits will achieve the Deans’ List as long as their cumulative QPA is at least 2.000. Student teachers may achieve Dean’s List status if they have earned 90 or more credits and have a cumulative QPA of 3.50 or higher at the end of the semester in which they student taught. Repeated courses and P/NC courses will not be computed into the 12 credit-hour minimum. The Office of University Public Relations will submit names of these students to their hometown newspaper for publication. During the Academic Honors Convocation, these students will be formally presented to the university community. There is no Deans’ List during the summer term. Post-baccalaureate students are not eligible for the Dean’s List.

Honors at Graduation

At both the December and the May commencement ceremonies, the university recognizes students who have met the academic criteria for Latin honors.

  • Undergraduates working on their first baccalaureate degree may qualify for honors at graduation. Post-baccalaureate students will not be eligible for these honors.
  • A minimum of 60 credits must be earned at Slippery Rock University. These credits may include: all credit course work; all credits earned through SRU’s credit by exam program, including the NLN Mobility Profile II, administered by the Department of Nursing; SRU credit earned with a “P” grade; and credits earned as a visiting student at another SSHE institution.
  • Credits earned by any other form of credit by exam (AP, CLEP, PEP, DSST and NLN (other than the Mobility Profile II), credits earned at other universities (transfer & transient) and non-SRU course work taken abroad will not count toward the 60 credit minimum.
  • The following cumulative QPA’s must be earned to qualify for honors at graduation.

    Summa Cum Laude (With the Highest Honor) 3.800 - 4.000
    Magna Cum Laude (With High Honor) 3.600 - 3.799
    Cum Laude (With Honor) 3.500 - 3.599

No restrictions will apply to students who repeat grades of D or F and who still meet the criteria for honors at graduation.

At commencement the names of these honor students are specially designated in the commencement program. In addition, the Summa Cum Laude graduates wear medallions around their necks, which are gifts of the Slippery Rock University Alumni Association; Magna Cum Laude graduates wear white honor cords; and Cum Laude graduates wear green honor cord.

Students identified by the director of the University Honors Program as having completed the requirements of the Honors Program will also wear special honor cords at graduation.

Recognition of honors at graduation will be based upon students’ cumulative QPA at the end of the semester preceding graduation. Designation of honors on the university transcript will not be determined until the students’ final semester grades are submitted and an official, final cumulative QPA is calculated.

Honors Program


Slippery Rock University’s Honors Program is designed to enrich the university experience by fostering a student-centered learning environment and helping each student develop her or his individual potential as a life-long learner. Designed to encourage critical thinking and communication skills, honors courses emphasize reading, writing and research and encourage students to assume responsibility for their learning experiences, both on and off campus, through discussion-based classes and by participating in service-learning opportunities. Students in the program are fine scholars, but they are also committed to taking full advantage of their years spent at Slippery Rock University by participating in the extra-curricular and travel opportunities which the program offers.

All honors courses fulfill liberal studies requirements, which means that participation in the program will not extend a student’s stay at Slippery Rock University. To graduate with an honors designation, students must complete a minimum of seven honors courses (21 credits) while maintaining an overall QPA of 3.25 or higher. Students may select from a variety of specially-designed courses in the following departments: communication, computer science, English, government and public affairs, history, mathematics, music, philosophy, biology, chemistry, geography, allied health, and environmental science.

Students also have the opportunity to take Great Books courses, which are geared toward extensive reading in a specialized area. Content of these seminars varies from semester to semester and have included, The Holocaust (Germany), Latin American History (Panama), Galileo (Florence), and Irish Playwrites (Ireland). Because a research component is required, this course can be especially valuable for students contemplating graduate education. In addition, the program has an honors thesis option, which would count as a 3-credit 300-level course.

Honors students enjoy a number of benefits, both in and out of the classroom, including seminar-style classrooms where enrollment is typically capped at 20 or 25 students per class; early registration privileges; and learning experiences through national and international travel opportunities. In recent years, students have presented at national honors conferences in Chicago, Los Angeles, Brooklyn and at regional conferences in Puerto Rico, Gettysburg, and the Adirondacks. In addition, courses are offered every spring and summer, which include travel abroad; in the past, students have traveled to Turkey, South Africa, and Ecuador.

The program is open to all qualified students, regardless of their major field of interest. Interested students must enroll formally by completing an application and submitting a one-page typed essay in which they discuss what they hope to gain from their university experience. If you are interested in participating, please call 724-738-4003, e-mail, or visit the Honors Program Web Site